Collective Action


Tolerance of corruption in many sectors of the economy – typically in customs, municipal authorizations, ports, certain public inspections – allows the formation of networks of illicit exchanges that, over time, institutionalize practices that compete and often substitute formal rules.

These balances of structural corruption can only be addressed through collective action strategies, that is, strategies in which the main market players cooperate to agree on an incentive structure that generates confidence that all actors will respect the law.

These strategies can count on the participation of the State and other public actors or constitute out of purely private initiatives that self-regulate – usually through associations or business chambers – the ethical conduct of the sector.